There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

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General Info

RegionLatin America and Caribbean
Population 15,082,831
GDP per capita (USD) $ 3,330.53
Income per day (USD) $ 9.12
Urban Population50%
Rural Population50%
Average Household Size4


Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking64%
Number of people affected by HAP10,450,000
Number of households affected by HAP2,502,000
Number of deaths per year from HAP 5,100
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 1,700
Urban population using solid fuels29.1%
Rural population using solid fuels88.3%
Population using wood for cooking61.3%
Population using dung for cooking0.0%
Population using charcoal for cooking0.4%
Population using coal for cooking0.0%
Population using kerosene for cooking0.0%
Population using gas for cooking36.9%
Population using electricity for cooking0.6%
Population using other fuels for cooking0.8%

Cookstoves by Comparison

Percentage with access to electricity
Percentage with access to improved water94%
Percentage with access to improved sanitation80%
Diarrhea deaths per year3,900
Deaths per year from outdoor air pollution500
Deaths per year from malaria0
Deaths per year from tuberculosis1,500
Deaths per year from HIV/AIDS1,900
Annual PM10[mg/m3]*51


Existence and success of businesses/social enterprisesmedium
Infrasturcture strength score3.90
Prevailance of lending institutions33
Number of borrowers465,000
Penetration of credit unions12.69%
Ease of doing business score*93
Starting business score176
Getting credit score11
Protecting investors score156
Trading across borders score112


Existence and success of businesses/social enterprisesmedium
Overall womens empowerment indicator* score
Economic participation and opportunity*0.528
Educational attainment score*0.9453
Health and survival*0.9796
Political empowerment score*0.0423
Percentage of girls in primary school
Literacy rate of women71%

Energy & Environment

Existence and success of businesses/social enterprisesmedium
Environmental problemsdeforestation, soil erosion, water pollution
Environmental considerationsfuelwood deficit
Carbon dioxide emissions0.97