There are multiple factors that determine the health, environmental, economic, and climate impacts from cooking on a country’s inhabitants. While some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of solid fuels, rudimentary cookstoves, and open fires for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide a snapshot of a range of factors including: overview of access to clean cookstoves and fuels, demographic and household data, adoption indicators, economic statistics, and other pertinent health and gender resources.

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General Info

RegionSub-Saharan Africa
Population 20,820,525
GDP per capita (USD) $ 5,482.43
Income per day (USD) $ 15.02
Urban Population60%
Rural Population40%
Average Household Size5


Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking56%
Number of people affected by HAP11,659,494
Number of households affected by HAP2,372,053
Number of deaths per year from HAP 7,804
Number of child deaths per year from HAP 2,843
Urban population using solid fuels16.7%
Rural population using solid fuels91.9%
Population using wood for cooking28.6%
Population using dung for cooking0.4%
Population using charcoal for cooking18.7%
Population using coal for cooking0.0%
Population using kerosene for cooking0.0%
Population using gas for cooking51.9%
Population using electricity for cooking0.2%
Population using other fuels for cooking0.2%

Cookstoves by Comparison

Percentage with access to electricity
Percentage with access to improved water53%
Percentage with access to improved sanitation59%
Diarrhea deaths per year48,100
Deaths per year from outdoor air pollution2,700
Deaths per year from malaria21,500
Deaths per year from tuberculosis4,100
Deaths per year from HIV/AIDS10,400
Annual PM10[mg/m3]*58


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Infrasturcture strength score1.88
Prevailance of lending institutions2
Number of borrowers11,000
Penetration of credit unionsno data
Ease of doing business score*178
Starting business score175
Getting credit score126
Protecting investors score80
Trading across borders score167


Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Overall womens empowerment indicator* score
Economic participation and opportunity*0.6296
Educational attainment score*0.7854
Health and survival*0.9796
Political empowerment score*0.2901
Percentage of girls in primary school
Literacy rate of women59%

Energy & Environment

Existence and success of businesses/social enterpriseslow
Environmental problemsdeforestation (charcoal industry), land degradation (diamond industry), biodiversity loss, animal poaching
Environmental considerationsfuelwood deficit
Carbon dioxide emissions1.41