As High Commissioner, António Guterres led one of the world's foremost humanitarian organizations. Before joining UNHCR, Guterres spent more than 20 years in government and public service. He served as Portuguese prime minister from 1995 to 2002, during which time he was involved in the international effort to resolve the crisis in East Timor. As president of the European Council in early 2000, he led the adoption of the so-called Lisbon Agenda and co-chaired the first European Union-Africa summit. He also founded the Portuguese Refugee Council in 1991 and was part of Portugal’s Council of State from 1991 to 2002. From 1981 to 1983, Guterres was a member of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, as well as chairman of the Committee on Demography, Migration and Refugees. In addition, he has been active in Socialist International, a worldwide organization of social democratic political parties, and served as their vice-president from 1992 to 1999 and president from 1999 until mid-2005. Guterres is the Secretary-General-designate of the United Nations.